RalliSpec LogoRalliSpec Group N Car at LSPR
> home / catalog / gearbox / dog gearsets / ppg straight cut dog subaru 5mt

Straight Cut Dog Gear Kit 5MT

PPG's close ratio straight cut dog engagement gears for the Subaru 5MT. The gear set is broken into smaller kits allowing you to purchase only the gears needed and permitting you to mix and match with synchro upgrade kits or stock parts as desired. Rated for up to 600hp applications. Each kit is supplied with the associated dog ring/hub assembly and billet steel fork.

Gear Ratios: 3.08 / 1.84 / 1.32 / 0.95 / 0.73

Special Order. Usually ships within 7 days.

Manufacturer: PPG

Applications:

  • Subaru 5MT

Can these partial gear kits be mixed with the original factory gears? Yes, you can mix and match these gear kits with both PPG 5MT synchro gear kits as well as factory gears. For example, you can use the 1st/2nd dog set with PPG's 3rd/4th synchro set and an OEM 5th gear. However, in some cases it may be necessary to update or backdate parts for proper fitment.

How does a dog type gearbox function? A dogbox has no synchronizing function. A set of dogs (basically raised metal blocks machined on the face of the gear) engage instantaneously with a set of matching cutouts in the dog ring (slider). The cutouts on the dogring are much wider than the dogs so the dogs will drop in to the cutouts easily. A slight back cut on the dog and ring prevents the dogs from disengaging when under load. The speed of the shift is limited only by how quickly the driver can move the shifter and in some cases the shift can be made without disengaging the clutch. Shifting must be quick and deliberate or the dogs will clash which damages their corners. With enough damage the dogs will not stay engaged under load and will need to be replaced or re-cut. The life expectancy of the dogs is entirely dependent on how well it is shifted. However, a dogbox is preferred for competition use because it allows faster shifts and can allow shifts to occur even under the most adverse conditions that would destroy a synchronizer.

What is a sequential gearbox? A sequential gearbox is a dogbox with a special shifter mechanism. The shifter moves only forward and backward (it is not an "H" pattern with separate gates like a traditional gearbox). The gear selection must be done in sequence (hence "sequential"). Pulling backward on the shifter will shift up while pushing forward will shift down. To put the transmission in nuetral shift down to 1st and then down again. Reverse is selected from nuetral after releasing a lockout lever. The advantage of a sequential gearbox is to provide the quickest and most mistake-free shifting. It is impossible to accidentally downshift into an incorrect gear and drastically overrev the engine. This gear kit is an H-pattern kit, not sequential.

What is the difference between a straight cut and helical cut gear? This is a representation of the tooth profile. A straight cut gear is machined perpendicular to the faces of the gear...or basically straight across. A helical gear is machined along a helix and will have some angle and curvature to the tooth. Straight cut gear teeth engage one at a time all at once. When each tooth engages, due to the backlash in the gears, a clicking noise is generated and as this happens one after another repeatedly at high speeds the result is the characteristic gear whine noise. Helically cut gears engage gradually with some sliding motion.

What are the advantages and disadvantages to the different tooth profiles? A straight cut gear is typically used for a racing application because when load is applied to the gear teeth there is no, or very little, axial thrust component to the resulting forces generated. A straight cut gear is therefore more efficient as the power wasted in the bearings is reduced. Additionally, a straight cut tooth profile is more forgiving to shaft deflections that allow the gear teeth to separate from each other under load or heavy shock. A helical gear is quiet with little or no whine (depending on the helix angle as well as the accuracy of the tooth profile). This makes it more preferrable for a road car. Additionally, a helical gear will typically have a greater load capacity (assuming identical gear tooth pitch and other dimensions) although as mentioned will have much less tolerance to gear mesh issues due to gear tooth separation conditions.

What is a close ratio gear set? Close ratio means the ratio difference between adjacent gears is smaller so the rpm change with each shift is reduced. This allows the engine to operate within a narrower rpm range which may be beneficial for acceleration particularly if the engine has a "peaky" power curve. In general a close ratio set will be more fun to drive on tight twisty roads. However, the taller 1st gear demands that the clutch be slipped a little more in order to get the car moving and the shorter top gear may limit top speed.

How strong are the PPG gears? Compared to OEM and some lesser quality aftermarket gears PPG uses a special tooth profile, larger tooth dimensions, higher quality materials, and more tightly controlled heat treatment and stress relieving processes. Therefore strength is significantly greater. However, it is difficult to establish a specific power or torque rating of a gear kit simply due to the fact that there many factors beyond power and torque that influence reliability.

Is it possible to buy individual replacement parts if necessary? Yes, please contact us to obtain pricing.